Thursday, 15 November 2012

Martin Weteschnik

In my earlier article, Weteschnik's Understanding Chess Tactics, I reviewed Martin Weteschnik’s book of that title, and discussed has methods.  I recently found another interesting interview:

As I said in my earlier article, Weteschnik strongly advocates understanding tactics rather than just practising finding them.  In the newly discovered interview, he says:

“I also recommend simple endgames, as there you learn how to calculate without too many pieces on the board. Thereby you will learn not to ask yourself every five minutes: Oh, where was I (in my calculations)?”

When annotating a game in which he beat a 2345 as an unrated player Weteschnik said:

“The opening is a bit strange.  But I did not know opening theory and as an amateur player you do not need much of it (I know, this is the opposite to what a lot of players believe).  I already beat a couple of title holders, although I had not looked up any opening theory. Just play sound moves and develop your pieces.”

Weteschnik says that he did not learn to play chess until he was 25. Nonetheless, he became an FM, which may be a record achievement for an adult learner in modern times. Back in the nineteenth century, Blackburne did not learn to play chess until he was 18, but became a leading player of his time.  He said that learned to play chess in about 1859, and it is known that he shared first place with Adolph Anderssen 1862, i.e. about three years after later.  We cannot be certain how strong Blackburne was in modern rating terms, but his Edo Rating peaked at over 2600.

John Shaw may be the best modern example of adult chess improvement, see:

"Shaw, 37, provides hope for all non-prodigies. At the age of 19 Shaw was rated just 1700, the equivalent of a better than average Scottish club player. His first performance of note was first place in the Scottish Open at Aberdeen in 1991. He won the Scottish Championship in 1995, 1998 and 2000 and was awarded the International Master title with the 1998 victory."

This article was written in 2006, so Shaw was 19 in 1988, and won the Scottish Open three years later.  He reached IM ten years after being rated 1700, and GM eight years later.

I found Weteschnik’s rating history over the period when he reached FM:

  List    Rtng   +/-  Gms
Oct 2001  2322   -13    1
Jan 1998  2335   -15   13
Jul 1997  2350   +40   23
Jan 1997  2310  +265  115
Jul 1996  2045   +25   42
Jan 1996  2020   -80   31
Jul 1995  2100   +10    9
Jan 1995  2090    -5   20
Jul 1994  2095    -5   26
Jan 1994  2100   +15    5
Jul 1993  2085          9


Weteschnik played only one FIDE rated game after that:

His date of birth was 3rd August 1958, so he reached his peak FIDE rating of 2350 at the age of 39, which is 14 years after learning the moves.  The most striking feature of his record is the 256 point gain in the six month period in which he played 115 FIDE rated games (but his rating did fall a little prior to that).  In a comment to my previous article, Aoxomoxoa said that Weteschnik’s German rating has sunk to below 2000, but I do not have a link.

In view of the doubts raised in my previous article, Michael de la Maza - the Verdict?, I am now suspicious of any rapid adult improvement story!  Nonetheless, we know from Blackburne’s record, that it is possible to become a very strong player after learning the moves as an adult.  Back in the nineteenth century, there was no possibility of using a concealed computer, or having been almost as strong when a junior.  I knew a strong club player (about 2200), who spent a lot of time playing against a strong IM who was in hospital, and “started to become incredibly strong,” according to the IM.  He is now a GM. Big jumps in adult performance do sometimes happen.  It is also noteworthy that, unlike de la Maza, Weteschnik has not used his own rapid improvement to market his book.



    Weteschnik had his sudden Fide-Rating rise in East Europe ( Hungaria) a few years after the break down of the eastern economy and wall.
    People of my club told me that they where offerd to "buy" games in Russia (and other former communistic countrys) at these times for 100, 200 Dollar, a few "won" games against some GM's..
    I have heard ( i am not definite about this ) that some eastern country did get problems with the fide because of many sudden "masters".

    At the game Weteschnik, M - GM Forintos, G

    Forintos blunderd his Queen at Move 34 and Weteschnik did not see it...

    All his "understanding" and he is not realy better than i am...

  2. Thank you very much for that. Food for thought.

  3. Playing in Hungary is a common thing (i.e. the First Saturday tournament series) and not exactly evidence of wrongdoing. Also, there are numerous famous examples by GMs (and lesser players) of one-move blunders that also get overlooked by their opponents. I've posted some on my blog.

    It is disappointing to see purely speculative accusations of the above sort against Weteschnik without a better factual basis. I have no idea how exactly Weteschnik accomplished his FIDE ratings rise or how strong he is today, but his book on understanding tactics was useful at least for me, if not for everyone.

  4. Nobody has gone so far as to make an allegation here. A significant proportion of 150 games at $100-$200 a game would be a substantial financial outlay, to reach a temporary 2300. People do all sorts of strange things, but that does not appear to make much sense.

  5. @Chessadmin
    It is hard to tell how strong Weteschnik is today. His last DWZ-Rating is from 2004 with 1925. His highest >>performance<< in Germany was 2121 in 1996 but his DWZ-rating did never get above 2000. So he might be a German 2000- or an Hungarian 2300+ ..?

    Here is an intervew with him in German (google-translated):

  6. Can only say that "Understanding Chess Tactics" was the first book I bought when returning to chess a few years ago, and I found it very helpful.

    The format ( many diagrams, easy font ) meant it was great for the hour plus commute I had at that time,and I used it well.

    Sadly, I slipped out of the regular tactics practise these days, and my chess suffers for that.

    I never knew he was an example of an 'adult chess improver', but as you mention, it is notable that "Weteschnik has not used his own rapid improvement to market his book."